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International Labor Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) was created in 1919. Since 1946 the ILO is a specialized agency of the UN. The Organization aims at promoting social and economic progress and improving labour conditions.

The main functions of the ILO are the following:

  • creation of coordinated policies and programs directed at solving social and labour issues;
  • adoption of international labour standards in the form of conventions and recommendations and control over their implementation;
  • assistance to member-states in solving social and labour problems;
  • human rights protection (the right to work, freedom of association, collective negotiations, protection against forced labour, protection against discrimination, etc.);
  • research and publication of works on social and labour issues.

The basis of the ILO is the tripartite principle, i.e. the negotiations within the Organization are held between the representatives of governments, trade unions, and member-states’ employers.

187 conventions and recommendations on social and labour issues have been adopted since 1919.

The International Labour Conference (ILC) is the ILO superior body convened at least once a year. The Conference deals with examining and adopting the international norms in the social and labour sphere, and with discussing universally important questions.

The Governing Body is the ILO executive body which directs the Organization’s activities in the period between the ILC sessions and defines the order of the Conference decisions’ implementation. The Governing Body meets three times a year.

The International Labour Office is the ILO permanent secretariat.

The Republic of Belarus has been an ILO member-state since 1954. Belarus ratified 49 ILO conventions, including 8 fundamental conventions.

The current level of cooperation between Belarus and the International Labor Organization is based on a new road map for the interaction of the social partners of Belarus and the ILO, which is aimed at attracting international expertise of the organization in resolving labor collective disputes at the level of sectors of the Belarusian economy. In addition, the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of Belarus since early 2018 has been holding consultations on the possibilities of Belarus to ratify before the ILO centenary in 2019 the following ILO conventions: №132 “Holidays with Pay Convention” of 1970, №176 “Safety and Health at Mines Convention” of 1995 and №144 “On Tripartite Consultations” of 1976.

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